The problem of treating addiction and mental illness, which can be a result of unhealthy thoughts and feelings can be addressed by cognitive-behavioural therapy.
Dr. Aaron T. Beck in the 1960s founded the Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) as a means of treating mental illnesses.
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Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) addresses the problem areas of thoughts and behaviour resulting from drug addiction.
Nowadays, CBT has become a common part of treating addictions. Through CBT, the patients are shown how to connect their actions to their thoughts and feelings so they can be aware of how these factors are affecting their recovery.
Some addiction patients also have other issues concurrently occurring with the addiction problems like:
Attention Deficit Disorder [ADD]
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
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CBT recognizes that many behaviours and feeling are dangerous and make no sense. Such feelings and behaviours may be caused by either environmental effect or experiences from the past.
With the help of cognitive behavioural therapists, recovering addicts can fetch out negative "automatic thoughts" of their own. Involuntary ideas from a sudden urge and frequently emanates from a mistaken belief and a subconscious way of thinking based on low esteem and fear. People often drink or abuse drugs in an attempt to mitigate these afflictive thoughts and feelings.
A person can stop their over dependency on drugs if they identify the thoughts and emotions that lead them to abuse drugs or behaviour in a certain way.
The pain caused by certain experiences may be lessened if these events are revisited often and addressed. The positive behaviours that are learnt through CBT can thereafter be used instead of using drugs or alcohol.
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy And Treatment For Addiction
Over Dependency on the drugs is also associated with behaviours such as feeling sad and nervous and this are caused by the bad thoughts.
It means that automatic thoughts can make a person more likely to take drugs and drink alcohol.
Triggers are situations that can "trigger" cravings within the individual throughout the day and keep many people who could be addicted from improving to remain sober. There are a couple of ways that these triggers can be prevented from causing relapse.
Drug Addiction And Alcoholism Can Be Overcome With The Help Of Cbt Because
Helping to dispel my persuasions and feeling of insecurity, which result in substance abuse, from the patient's mind.
Using techniques that are bound to help the patient up boost moral.
Training people how to speak up about their feelings to others.
The Skills Necessary For Managing Triggers
Identify which factor provokes taking drugs or drinking alcohol.
Keep Away From Them (Avoid)
Abstract oneself from trigger situations whenever it's possible.
Apply the CBT skills you have learned to sort through your thoughts and emotions to beat the urge to indulge.
The techniques provided by the cognitive-behavioural therapists can be practiced beyond the office of the therapist. Recovering addicts do not need to visit a specialist for advice but can indulge in several CBT exercises by themselves either from home or in a group setting.
SMART and other such like Addiction Support groups employ the CBT techniques to help their members remain sober.
Cbt Therapy Principles
In order to help with addiction recovery cognitive behavioural therapists are known to utilise specific exercises.
Some of these practices are:
Keeping Thought Records
This involves dispelling automatic negative thoughts by finding proof that shows these thoughts to be false.
They are required to list the evidence in favour of or against the automatic thoughts and indulge in a comparison and a contrast to the thoughts.
The aim is to help people switch to more balanced and less rough thoughts by taking stock of what they are thinking.
For example: "My boss thinks I'm worthless. I feel better when I drink, I'll take a drink right now " becomes " it is okay to make mistakes as now I know what not to do. I'll do better next time, and my manager will be happy with me. I do not need alcohol to get a better feeling of myself.
To see the one that has a greater effect on behaviour, the effects of positive thoughts can be compared to those of negative ones.
Some people can better judge themselves while others can complement themselves.
Behavioural experiments are just about understanding what works best for a particular individual to a situation.
For example, some people may drink less if they criticize themselves more while others may drink less if they encourage themselves more.
Imagery Based Exposure
During this exercise, patients have to think about a past experience that causes severe negative feelings.
During this moment, they are required to take note of every sight, emotion, sound, thought and impulse.
This will get rid of any nervousness they have been feeling.
Example: A young man emphasises on uncomfortable memories of his childhood. He recollects every information and feeling during that time. The more he replays it in his mind, the less painful it is and this leads to a lower need to indulge in alcohol and drugs as a way of self medication.
The Schedule of Pleasant Activities
It is a technique that involves working out a list for the week to come, filling it with fun and healthy, activities; it helps a person break the monotony of everyday routine.
These activities must be modest and stress-free while at the same time inspiring constructive feelings.
By scheduling these simple activities that individuals can easily reduce some of the negative and automatic thoughts within the mind and gain control over the subsequent need to indulge in the use of drugs or alcohol.
Example: In the place of drinking or indulging in drugs while working, a worn-out financial advisor unwinds at his desk for quarter an hour daily. Instead, during this time he enjoys a song from the singer he likes very much.
The Difference Between Cognitive Behavioural Therapy And Other Psychotherapies
While others therapies may be less hands-on, Cognitive Behavioural Therapy provides an approach that is much more attentive.
Addicts in treatment are expected to go beyond just talking to the therapist during the CBT sitting and the therapist is not just a passive listener. The therapist and addict are instead expected to treat the addiction by working hand in hand.
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy applies fruitful, action-focused techniques aimed at quick result. Lots of mid length rehabilitation programs that last from 60 to 90 days include CBT techniques to give patients more opportunities to cop? with their problems.
Some kinds of psychotherapy can take years until they produce a reliable result. Just sixteen sessions of CBT is often enough to obtain considerable improvement.
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy can easily be adapted, which makes it very idyllic in both outpatient and inpatient situations as well as group and private counselling atmospheres. There are many addiction treatment clinics and professionals who incorporate CBT in their treatment programs.